Another new year–and with that, another January–brings change and opportunities. However, looking back at previous times, could you imagine how life-changing January must have been for others? For January 1st to be the day where US President Abraham Lincoln freed around 3 million slaves, or January 31st to note the relation between smoking and lung cancer? Here are 40 life-changing world events in January – from the 1st to the 31st.
January 1st - Abraham Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation
1863 - Former US President Abraham Lincoln ordered the ‘Emancipation Proclamation’, an important yet controversial document during his term that led to the end of slavery in the US. This did not immediately remove slavery completely until the 13th Amendment was passed on December 6th of that year.
January 1st in general had plenty of other life-changing world events which you can see here: https://alltimelists.com/historical-events-on-january-1st/
January 2nd - Luna 1
1959 - Though this Soviet-operated spacecraft did not land on the moon, it did, however, become the first to be launched and successfully reach the moon’s vicinity on January 2nd to 4th. Luna 2, its successor, would then land on the moon eight months later on September 14th.
January 3rd - The Beginning of Apple Computer
1977 - Apple Computer became a corporation. On the 22nd of 1984, Apple would then introduce the “Apple Macintosh”, which included the graphical user interface (GUI) and the computer mouse, on a Super Bowl commercial. Two days after, on the 24th, the “Apple Macintosh” was on sale in the US to the average consumer.
January 4th - Myanmar’s Independence
1984 - With first President Sao Shwe Thaik and first Prime Minister U Nu, the Union of Burma (now Myanmar) declared its independence from British rule.
January 5th - Nazi Party
1919 - Officially, Anton Drexler founded the “National Socialist German Workers’ Party” (or Nazi Party) on February 24th, 1920. Its origins, however, began under another name: the "German Workers’ Party" on January 5th.
January 6th - The Telegraph and the Continental Drift theory
1838 - Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail introduced what would eventually be Morse code on an electrical telegraph. In 1912 of the same day, Alfred Wegener announced his theory of continental drift which explained similarities of fossils and rock formations in different continents.
January 6th - First synthetic growth hormone and the birth of a galaxy
1971 - The first production of synthetic growth hormones was developed which would help with growth hormone deficiency. Several years after, in 1987, astronomers would witness the first sighting of a galaxy’s birth 71 billion trillion miles away from Earth.
January 7th - The first Anglo-American phone lines
1927 - Commercial phone calls from all over the world began with a call established between AT&T President Walter S Gifford in New York and Secretary of the General Post Office Sir Evelyn Murray in London.
January 8th - African National Congress
1912 - The founding of the African National Congress began the fight for black South African rights this year and brought democracy on April 1994.
January 8th - USA’s only time with zero debt
1835 - This marked the only time where the US, under former US President Andrew Jackson, paid their national debt of $75 million.
January 8th - Monaco's Independence
1297 - Once from the independent state of Genoa, Monaco gained their first independence through the House of Grimaldi. Rather than an Independence Day, they celebrate the National Day of Monaco every November 19th.
January 9th - Introducing the iPhone (and iTunes)
2007 - A decade ago (from 2017), the late Steve Jobs brought us the original iPhone, along with iTunes, which revolutionized the use of smartphones.
January 10th - World War I's End
1920 - The Treaty of Versailles, a peace treaty between the Allied Powers and Germany, took effect this year, which led to the end of World War I.
January 10th - United Nation’s first General Assembly
1946 - 26 years after the end of WWI, fifty-one nations attend United Nations’ first General Assembly in London.
January 11th - Treating diabetes patients with insulin
1922 - At the age of 14, a boy named Leonard Thompson received the first treatment of insulin which gave him an allergic reaction due to the extract being impure. He received a second injection twelve days later with an improved dose that improved his condition.
January 12th - “Bedford Day"
1967 - 2017 of this day marks the 50th year of “Bedford Day”, the day the first person, Dr. James Bedford, was cryogenically frozen in hopes of preservation and revival.
January 13th - The first broadcast in public radio
1910 - With the help of Dr. Lee de Forest, radio aired its first broadcast of a live opera performance to the public. The performance itself belonged to a concert from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
January 14th - The end of the US Revolutionary War
1784 - The Treaty of Paris validated the independence of Britain’s former colonies to become the United States of America.
January 15th - Wikipedia
2001 - This year brought the free online encyclopedia, Wikipedia, to the Internet.
January 16th - League of Nations
1920 - After WWI, the League of Nations existed similarly to the United Nations in upholding international peace.
January 16th - The first space-grown flower
2016 - The International Space Station grew a Zinnia flower with the NASA Veggie system. Other experimental plants grown include rice, wheat, flax, a number of vegetables, and certain herbs.
January 17th - Operation Desert Storm
1991 - "Operation Desert Storm", or the first Gulf War, began between the US and Saddam Hussein.
January 18th - X-ray machine
1896 - North Carolina professor HL Smith first publicly demonstrated the x-ray machine for shoe-fitting. This would eventually shift to its uses today in medicine.
January 18th - Curing Legionnaires’ disease
1977 - Scientists recognized the Legionella bacterium as the cause of Legionnaires’ disease, a rare and severe type of pneumonia.
January 19th - The first electric lighting system
1883 - Today, electricity is commonplace in most homes, but a district of Roselle in New Jersey, USA first experienced it through Thomas Edison’s first electric lighting system.
January 20th - Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 4th term and Barack Obama
1945 / 2009 - Two notable US events happened in 1945 and in 2009: Franklin Roosevelt’s 4th term as US President, an event which would never repeat, and Barack Obama’s inauguration as the first African-American US president respectively.
January 21st - Battle of Khe Sanh (Vietnam War)
1968 - The Battle of Khe Sanh, described as one of the longest and most publicized wars of Vietnam War, began this year.
January 22nd - Central Intelligence Agency
1946 - The US developed the Central Intelligence Agency, or the CIA, to better protect the American people by collecting, examining, and using foreign intelligence.
January 22nd - Water vapor on Ceres
2014 - The European Space Agency found water vapor on the dwarf planet Ceres, which could be the nearest planet containing their own ocean.
January 23rd - The deadliest earthquake recorded in China
1556 - Said to be the "deadliest earthquake in history", this event killed around 830,000, reducing more than half of the population in Shaanxi, China.
January 24th - First man-made nuclear fusion
1958 - Replicating the heat of a star's core, scientists fused two light atoms to create the first nuclear fusion made by man which could benefit man as a resource (via electricity) or as a weapon (via an atomic bomb).
January 25th - The Wedding March
1858 - Popularity of the "The Wedding March" started when German Empress Victoria, Princess Royal, played this song to her wedding to the Friedrich of Prussia.
January 26th - India’s Independence Day
1930 - India's Independence Day became official. Twenty years later, this day also honors the country's Republic Day.
January 27th - The end to the Vietnam War
1973 - The peace treaty called the "Agreement on Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam" was signed and ended the 19-year-long Vietnam War.
January 28th - Antarctic's discovery
1820 - Though having not stepped on the continent itself, two Russian explorers discover the Antarctic along with other islands.
January 29th - The first automobile
1886 - Though built in 1885, German engineer and designer Karl Friedrich Benz patented his Benz Patent Motorcar which is said to be the first of its kind at the time.
January 30th - The first PC Virus
1982 - 15-year-old Rich Skrenta decided to make the "Elk Cloner", the first PC boot sector virus, as a prank.
January 30th - The assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
1948 - At the age of 78, Mahatma Gandhi, a revolutionary leader well-known to the world as India's "Father of the Nation", was assassinated to a man named Nathuram Godse.
January 31st - Ham the Chimpanzee
1961 - This chimpanzee made US history by being the first primate to reach space.
January 31st - Smoking and Lung Cancer
1964 - Though it's been well-established that smoking causes a huge percentage of deaths from lung cancer, smoking had only been reported its lethal effects on this year from a publication from Surgeon General.
These were just a few of some life-changing world events in January throughout history. What did you think? Let us know.