Why are so many people on anxiety medication? The telecommunications bills we all receive are probably a top culprit. The bill is always higher than what they advertised the plan for, they cram in endless mystery charges and deep down, you know they’re screwing you. And there’s really nothing you can do about it.
Would you believe it’s actually worse than you think? Unfortunately, many of the annoying things your provider does happen behind the scenes, and you’ll never find it spelled out on your bill.
5. Useless Apps You Can’t Uninstall
Have you ever got a new computer, brought it home, set it all up and then found out that the manufacturer felt the need to install like five different antivirus software trials before it even left the factory? Now you have to uninstall all of them otherwise, they bog down your system resources and bug you to buy the full version a month later.
Now imagine it was set up so that you can’t get rid of the nonsense, and it took up a good chunk of your hard drive space. That’s the situation with smartphones.
It also comes packaged with an odd sense of self-satisfaction, but that’s usually deflated moments later.
The first time you pull your new phone out of the box and turn it on, you might find some app you don’t care about. And then another. In some cases, as much as 10 percent of your phone’s storage can be taken up by crap — and by crap, we mean apps that will expire after a demo period and won’t let you use them further unless you pay for the full version.
OK, you say, that’s the same as what we dealt with on our PCs. But the difference is that in many cases, this stuff can’t be uninstalled. It will eat up a big chunk of the phone’s resources — forever. Congratulations, you’ve got bloatware. It can be anything from a copy of the movie Avatar to the game The Sims 3, or any number of for-pay services you will never, ever use.
“What kind of fresh hell is this?” Mobile phone companies have discovered that they can get fat sacks of cash by agreeing to place the apps of the highest bidder on your phone. Kind of like if Ford found out that they could put a huge, permanent Burger King logo on your back window and pocket some extra cash for every car sold. And instead of an airbag, it just has a giant inflatable Whopper.
Currently, this is primarily an issue with Android phones. Google gives its wireless partners a lot of freedom with their software, so those companies do what comes naturally to them and abuse the snot out of it. It can also crop up on some BlackBerry (yes, that’s still a thing) and Windows Phone 7 devices.
Apple seems to be the only one immune to bloatware’s curse so far, but that’s only because it doesn’t want to anger the crazy, aloof guys making them boatloads of cash.
4. Dark Fiber
What if we told you that there was an entire world of possibilities under your very feet, right this second? We’re talking about dark fiber — a network of fiber-optic cable built in the late ’90s and early ’00s that’s capable of speeds hundreds or thousands of times faster than your current Internet connection.
So what’s this expansive network of ultrafast cabling used for? Basically, NOTHING. That’s why it’s called dark fiber. The majority of it is unused. It’s just there, taunting you and the rest of America with its untapped potential.
The thing is, before 1996, telecommunication companies were regulated by the government. But with the Internet and new technology on the rise, the government decided they didn’t understand it and mulled letting the telecoms regulate themselves. As a bargaining chip, telecoms promised anything and everything they could, including a fiber-optic network that would stretch across America, delivering at least 45MBps speeds (a number like that was incomprehensible back then). So lawmakers pretty much agreed to whatever they said. They passed the Telecommunications Act of 1996 and handed the keys for the nation’s data infrastructure over to the telecoms. And everything went to hell.
Eventually, all the networks were built (using about $25 billion in tax breaks), but after the dot-com crash, several of the companies underwent mergers and bankruptcies, killing them off before they had a chance to set up the necessary hardware to interact with the fiber-optic lines. So who stepped in to buy them up? Big companies like AT&T and Verizon, who had a vested interest in keeping copper wires around for a little while longer (which they used for their cheaper-to-maintain DSL and telephone services).”What do the people need it for anyway? GeoCities loads just fine on what we got.”
Only recently have they exploited copper as far as they could and begun offering consumer-level fiber-optic television, phone and Internet services instead. As for the pieces of unused fiber that huge telecoms don’t own, much is being bought up by Google, which is attempting to start its own fiber-optic Internet service. So we may finally start seeing fiber-optic Internet in the next few years, but we’ll still be buying access from massive corporations. Woo-hoo! And speaking of internet speed…
3. “4G” is a Marketing Term That Means Nothing
It was just a few years ago that everyone started getting 3G phones that could actually surf the Internet at speeds faster than ’90s-era dial-up. But times are changing, grandpa! Now everyone’s all about 4G. It’s in pretty much every ad now, and every cellphone provider says its version is the biggest and best.
But notice how they’re not citing actual speeds – you know, actual megabytes per second or anything else you could actually make sense of? It’s almost like they’re taking advantage of the fact that the average person has no freaking idea what 4G is (“Wow, you can really feel the extra ‘G’ in this phone!”).
Well, the good news is that 4G isn’t just some term they made up — it’s actually an agreed-upon standard set by a group called the International Telecommunication Union, or ITU. Then cellphone companies promptly went about utterly disregarding that and calling their much slower service “4G” anyway.
See, the 4G standard the ITU established is super-fast – it was supposed to be an on-the-move (i.e., riding in a train/car/bus) data rate of 100MB per second. Standing still, you should get a data rate of 1,000MBps. That’s 20 to 200 times faster than the average broadband connection in the U.S. Where do we sign? Not so fast. The “4G” plans that cellphone companies are plastering all over their ads are a fraction of that blazing-fast 4G standard. Verizon is currently capable of 32MBps maximum (though they only offer 12MBps to customers), and AT&T’s is about the same (though that hasn’t stopped them from trashing Verizon’s identical technology). Sprint theoretically gives up to 10MBps, and T-Mobile can do up to 30MBps. Again, compare that to the between 100 and 1,000MBps we were supposed to get.
So why were these companies allowed to call this junk “4G” when it wasn’t even 10 percent of the standard? Well, once they started using 4G as a marketing term, the ITU actually backed down and just said “Sure, whatever” and retroactively applied the 4G moniker to the standards the carriers are actually using. Proving once again that if you say enough stupid stuff, people will give in so you will stop talking.
So now they actually can say they’re 4G and be telling the truth. It’s as if McDonald’s started making their Quarter Pounder half the size and convinced the rest of the world to change their definition of a pound.
2. Data Rates for Texting Are Evil
We probably text more than we talk. Americans alone send about four billion texts a day. The Pew Research Center has estimated that 72 percent of cellphone-owning adults text, usually about 10 times a day. Teenagers, because they claim to have social lives, send about 50 texts a day.
And why not, it’s cheap. It’s like $20 a month and you can send every little thing that pops into your head to your mom, your best friend, your old third-grade teacher, your dog (you bought a phone for him just so he could read your texts) and that date who said, “never contact me again”.
So $20 a month isn’t bad, right? Especially when you consider that without a texting plan in place, each text costs 20 cents a pop.
Here’s the thing that cellphone companies don’t want you to know: Even the flat rate is a rip-off, because text messages cost basically nothing for them to send. Texts are kind of piggybacking on data they have to send anyway. “Pass that to Josie, and tell Sarah on the way that to bring the dinner.”
When your phone is connected to a network, it operates on two different channels. One is the voice/data channel and the other is the control channel. The control channel is saved for your phone saying, “Hey, I’m here!” to the tower and the tower saying “OK!” in return. It is constantly sending this traffic no matter what you do. Text messages use this channel. In other words, this channel is used the same way whether a text is incoming or not. Have you ever wondered why texts are limited to 160 characters? It’s because that’s the maximum length of a string of data that the control channel can carry. When you send or receive a text, it’s just the tower sending that instead of its usual “OK!” string. If there’s no text message there, it just fills the space anyway.
Because texts are such tiny chunks of data, the phone companies are effectively charging you more than 7,000 percent more for a text than they do for the same amount of data downloaded as part of your regular data plan. It’s kind of the data equivalent of bottled water. Because the total price is fairly low, you don’t notice the obscene markup on what you’re actually getting.
1. Data Charges Vary Depending On Use
There was a time when wireless carriers had unlimited data plans, just like the Internet connection you have at home (or used to have, anyway), and all was good. But then smartphones became king and several of the major U.S. carriers dropped back into capped data plans. But those plans weren’t really unlimited anyway, since the companies would actually reduce your connection speed to almost nothing if you went over a certain amount of data in the month. So maybe it’s not so bad. Now you know exactly how much data you’re getting and you can use it any way you want as long as you don’t go over the limit, right? If you have a 2GB cap, what does the phone company care what you use it on? It’s all the same on their end. It’s no one’s business where you telecommute to work from.
Actually, they have a big problem with it if you use it for tethering. See, some customers don’t understand why they’re paying separately for an Internet connection on their phone and another for their home computer (and some people can’t get the latter at all). So they download software that will let their computer run off of their phone’s Internet connection. Why not? As long as you stay under the cap for your plan, what does the phone company care if you’re displaying cat videos on you Android phone’s screen or your big PC monitor?
They care a lot, actually, because it means you’re buying one plan instead of two. So if you want to run your phone’s data plan — the plan you’re already paying for regardless — through your PC, the provider will charge you $15 to $30 on top of your existing data plan. “And look, the wiggly profit line goes up.”
In the case of Verizon and AT&T, the tethering plans each give you 4GB of data instead of the typical cap of 2GB, which isn’t so awful, but there’s still no explanation why you can’t tether with the lower-cost plans. Data is data, right?
Naturally, it’s totally possible to hack your phone and tether it anyway, but phone companies seem to have gotten wise to that. AT&T now sends you an email if you try it on their network, telling you that if you don’t stop they’ll automatically add the tethering charge to your future bills.