Many of you want to know which snakes are the deadliest in the world. These snakes are most likely to kill you if you should ever accidentally encounter any of them in your travels. Well, if you live in Australia, then sorry to say don't go for a walk in your gardens especially in evening. It has been proved through numerous studies that many snakes found in Australia are deadly poisonous and one bite can make you sleep for an infinite time. For other deadly snakes located around the word, this list can serve as a veritable death dictionary if you find yourself standing before any of these snakes. The deadliest snakes in the world are true killing machines perfected by millions of years of evolution. Here we compiled the 10 most deadly species of snakes ranked by how absolutely deadly their venom is.
10. Australian Taipan
The Australian Taipan is one of the most poisonous snakes in Australia. Don't try to test their temper because it's very short. Even causing a disturbance just a few yards away from them can ignite their lightning fast striking ability. If the Australian Taipan happens to bite your foot or any part of your body then your chances to see the next morning are extremely low.
At location of the the snakebite, Taipan snake venom causes usually minor local effects such as mild swelling and bruising. However, this venomous snake contains some potent neurotoxins (toxins in venom that causes muscle weakness or paralysis) and procoagulants (toxins in venom that causes consumption of the fibrinogen; with non-clottable blood, putting victims at risk of major bleeding). Because of this snake's deadly strike and venom, the Australian Taipan is ranked at number 10 in our list of the 10 most deadliest snakes.
9. Green Pit Viper
The green pit viper's vibrant color is certainly refreshing to eyes, but don't be fooled, this is one deadly snake. When it comes to green pit viper then it's time avert your gaze and get out of the way because if the molecules of scent flicked from its forked tongue happens to touch any part of your body, the viper's brain will be treating you as a potential enemy or the perfect meal.
Symptoms of a pit viper snakebite generally appear within a few hours after a bite. These complications may include staining of the skin, a metallic, rubbery or minty taste in the mouth, puffiness in lymph nodes near the bite, changes in heart rate, trouble in breathing and signs of shock. Other symptoms are include feeling very worried or confused, and the sensation that you might faint, as well as vomiting and dizziness. The Green Pit Viper is ranked at number 9 in our list of the 10 most deadliest snakes.
8. Eyelash Palm Pit Viper
If you are currently living in Central or South America and get your fuel needs taken care of by cutting wood in the forests, then next time beware of the Eyelash Palm Pit Viper. This deadly poisonous snake rests coiled up on trees and waits patiently for prey to come into its radar. Woodcutters have long feared the eyelash palm pit viper because if they happen to cut down a branch without giving proper respect to this snake, then it will kill you without blinking an eyelash.
The eyelash palm pit viper venom is primarily hemotoxic (containing procoagulants ) but also neurotoxic (containing hemorrhagins ). The viper's venom affects both the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system, making it extremely toxic and lethal to humans.
The eyelash palm pit viper injects its venom using its 2 extremely long fangs, located on the upper jaw. The fangs remain folded back into its mouth when it senses that there is no danger around.
While eyelash palm pit vipers are not considered to have an aggressive nature, they have bitten humans who venture too close. The bite can cause severe swelling, staining, bleb formation, pain and very often necrosis. In the absence of proper treatment the viper's bite can lead to loss of a limb, or can even be fatal. This beautiful but deadly snake is ranked at number 8 in our list of the 10 most deadliest snakes.
7. Pacific Rattlesnake
You don't want to offend this snake. The snake will try to warn you first by rattling its tail which is a clear sign that everyone should heed. If the Pacific rattlesnake goes on the offensive then all you will be able to see are its fangs getting deep into your skin with a dazzling speed of 2.5 meters per second (8.2 ft/sec.). If you decide to outrun this versatile creature, this rattlesnake can pursue you with vigor with an impressive speed of 12 kilometers an hour (7.5 mph). Pacific Rattlesnake venom is primarily hemorrhagic (having an effect on the blood) but some subspecies of rattlesnakes contain neurotoxins also.
Toxicity of the Pacific Rattlesnake venom is more potent than some of the larger species such as the western diamondback. This together with the high petulance of some individuals makes Pacific Rattlesnake quite the dangerous snake. Proteolytic, neurologic and hemorrhagic complications can all result from the same bite.
In the absence of necessary treatment, death may occur in 18 hours or up to 5 days. The fatal venom dose for humans is 70-160 mg and adult Rattlesnakes can produce up to 112 mg of venom (dried) making it a potentially lethal killer. The Pacific Rattlesnake is ranked at number 7 in our list of the 10 most deadliest snakes.
6. Death Adder
Death Adder is found in New Guinea and Australia and can be quite lethal. They, in fact, hunt and kill other snakes, usually via ambush. They look quite similar to vipers, in that they have short, squat bodies and triangular shaped heads. They usually inject a lethal dose of 0.4mg-0.5mg/kg into their prey. In the absence of treatment, the Death Adder bite is one of the most dangerous in the world.
The venom is primarily neurotoxic. A bite causes paralysis and respiratory failure which can cause death within 6 hours. However, symptoms usually appear within 24-48 hours. The fatality rate of a bite from this snake is nearly 50%. It is quite aptly named the "death" adder.
A Death Adder can go from strike position to striking and back again within 0.13 of a second. which is lightning fast. You'll be bitten and not even know it before the Death Adder strikes you again. This dangerous snake is ranked at number 6 in our list of the 10 most deadliest snakes.
5. Tiger Snake
The Tiger Snake is usually found in Australia and has a very lethal neurotoxic venom. The Tiger snake bite can kill you within 30 minutes if you are one of the unlucky few to be bit. Before the development of antivenom, the fatality rate from the Tiger snake's venom was 60-70%. Symptoms can include tingling, localized pain in the neck and foot region, sweating and numbness, followed by difficulties in breathing and paralysis.
Tiger snakes are generally shy, as they usually flee if encountered, but can become extremely aggressive when cornered. They strike with absolute accuracy. The Tiger snake is ranked at number 5 in our list of 10 most deadliest snakes.
4. Golden Lancehead
This snake has its own home called the "Snake Island" which is located 100 miles of the coast of Brazil. The Golden Lancehead can usually be found seeking shelter in rock crevices or among leaf litter, especially after having just ingested a prey or during unfavorable weather. They are also found in the trees hunting for their prey. Don't ever try land your feet to that island. As a matter of fact you can't even if you try to because Brazilian Navy has prohibited anyone to go to this island just because of this deadly snake. Snake island is home to over 2000 deadly golden lancehead vipers and is the only place in the world that this species exists. Because of this, they are considered critically endangered even though they may not seem so having cultivated their own tropical island.
Scientists think the golden lancehead viper became distinct from their cousins when the island broke off from the mainland long ago in the past. Since then they have heavily infested the island and you can expect to see a viper every ten to fifteen minutes. The closer you get to the densely populated center part of the island, the more frequently you'll see these snakes. Some estimates say you'll come across a golden lancehead every 5-10 square yards according to some researchers.
The chemical analysis of golden Lancehead venom reveals that it has 5 times more intoxicating and fast acting venom than that of its cousin the jararaca. They evolved a much stronger venom in order to stalk birds within the trees. Instead of hunting on the ground like a lot of their species, the golden lancehead viper has taken to the trees to hunt for their prey. If you think about it, that is an even more frightening prospect than just having this deadly snake around - deadly snakes on the ground and in the trees all around you in a dense jungle.
If a victim doesn't receive medical treatment, the death rate for Lancehead envenomations is around 7%, but even if the patient receives necessary treatment the bite is fatal on 3% of the cases. Symptoms of Lancehead venom may include nausea and vomiting, local pain and swelling, blood in the vomit and urine, kidney failure, blood blisters, brain hemorrhage and severe necrosis of muscular tissue. Because of the extreme capabilities the golden Lancehead has evolved, the viper is ranked at number 4 in our list of 10 most deadliest snakes.
3. Black Mamba
The Black Mamba is one of the most toxic snakes in the world. It has quite the reputation among the top deadliest snakes which kill hundreds of people annually. This snake is often regarded to be a potential danger to human lives in Africa because of its extremely deadly venom. Black Mambas are sharp, deadly fast and can kill you in a blink of an eye.
The Mamba's venom causes its prey to go into shock and before its gets back to normal, the prey usually finds itself quite dead. A single bite of Black Mamba is capable of killing around 10-25 adults. The venom is primarily neurotoxic. On average It injects 100–120 mg of venom; though, it can deliver up to 400 mg. If Black Mamba’s venom reaches a vein, 0.25 mg/kg is ample to kill a human in 50% of cases.
The preliminary symptom of the bite is an intense local pain in the bite area,. While not as severe as snakes with hemotoxins, the victim experiences double vision, a tingling sensation in the mouth and extremities, tunnel vision, fever, severe confusion, foaming of the mouth and nose and pronounced ataxia.
In the absence of medical treatment, symptoms rapidly progress to nausea and vomiting, severe abdominal pain, pallor, nephrotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, shock, and paralysis. Ultimately, the victim experiences respiratory arrest, convulsions, coma and then painful death. Death can result at any time between 15 minutes and 3 hours depending on the nature of the bite. Black Mamba is ranked at number 3 in our list of 10 most deadliest snakes.
2. King Cobra
The King Cobra can deliver a fatal bite and the victim may receive a large quantity of venom with a dose of up to 7 ml. Because of this, large quantities of antivenom are required to reverse the progression of symptoms developed if bitten by a king cobra.
King cobra’s venom is primarily neurotoxic which affects respiratory and cardiac functions, and can cause respiratory paralysis, neurotoxicity, and death in 30 minutes. The neurotoxins bind to the neuromuscular junctions interrupting the transmission of nerve signals. The symptoms may include nausea, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, convulsions, and collapse. A study by the University of Adelaide in Australia gives the untreated survival rate at just 50-60%. The King Cobra is ranked at number 2 in our list of 10 most deadliest snakes.
1. Water Moccasin
A deadly habit of the Water Moccasin is that it holds its head at a 45¼ angle. Because of this, strikes can be particularly precise and hit the target more often than not. Its extremely toxic venom completely destroys blood cells, which results in the reduction in the clotting of the blood leading to hemorrhage of the body parts which clearly is a massive health risk. Water moccasin bites symptoms include changes in skin color, low blood pressure, shock, immediate pain, and weakness. The Water Moccasin is ranked at number 1 in our list of the 10 most deadliest snakes.
Clearly, all of the snakes discussed in the above lists are extremely dangerous. They are famous for their extremely toxic venom and are nature's perfected killing machines. They won't give a second thought before striking anyone that comes too close to their comfort zone.
If you like this list of the top 10 deadliest snakes in a world then you are clearly fascinated by animals. Check out our Top 10 Most Endangered Animals list for more unique animal facts.