The human civilization is full of some of the world’s greatest inventions. Without years of accumulative innovation and inventions, the human civilization wouldn’t have reached its current state. Despite having so many inventions, not all of them were as impactful.
Some inventions opened new horizons for the human race and changed the way things were done forever. The following are the 10 greatest inventions of all time that we believe had a tremendous impact on the human civilization.
10. The Wheel
Despite being seemingly simple in comparison with today’s inventions, the wheel is one of the impactful inventions in the entire human history. When it was invented in Mesopotamia around 3500 B.C, the wheel’s original purpose was to make pottery creation easier.
After that, the wheel was installed on chariots, forever changing the way people travel and transfer goods. As the modern tires are based on the same concept, it is safe to say that this is an invention that has been around for thousands of years.
9. Optical Lenses
When we talk about optical lenses, we’re talking about an invention that has countless applications. Without optical lenses, many of the technologies that we have today would never have become a reality.
After being invented in ancient Egypt, optical lenses technologies opened the door to inventions like the telescopes, microscopes, and cameras.
8. The Compass
Before the compass was invented, the capabilities of human explorers were extremely limited. Prior to the invention of the compass, sailors at sea would have to rely on things like the stars to know their direction. As seeing those stars wasn’t always possible, sea exploration was extremely dangerous.
After the Chinese invented the Compass around 300 B.C, human explorers were able to explore further distances with much more confidence. Despite not being invented with its current shape, the original concept remains the same to this day.
The generation and use of electricity in the way that we know today was a result of continuous efforts through the ages. Starting in ancient Egypt and Greece and all the way to Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Edison, getting electricity to power our cities and gadgets was a long journey.
As electricity powers pretty much everything that we use nowadays one way or another, it is definitely an invention that had a tremendous impact on shaping the human civilization as we know it today.
6. Steam Engines
Steam engines were at the heart of the industrial revolutions. Without steam engines, the industrial revolution and the impact it had on human civilization wouldn’t have been possible. Everything from trains, ships, and entire factories was powered using this technology.
Inventing the steam engine in its more “mature” form is accredited to the well-known Scottish Inventor, James Watt. Despite the fact that Watt based his work on previous efforts of other scientists, he is the person responsible for the steam engine as we know it today.
Before airplanes were invented, traveling for long distances was a totally different process. Covering large distances with cars, trains or even ships was extremely unpractical until the Wright Brothers came.
In 1903, the Wright brothers were able to create the plane that set the foundation for the aviation revolution that followed. Not only did this make international travel much easier –and safer, it allowed for a world that is far more connected and made what was once distant seem much closer.
4. Wireless Telegraphy
Wireless telegraphy revolutionized the way people communicated information. Before the wireless telegraphy concept became a reality, it would take days or even weeks to deliver a message from one place to the other. The transfer of any type of information from one place to the other was an extremely slow and impractical process.
After Alfred Vail and Samuel Morse created a wire-based telecommunication method that was relevantly fast, Guglielmo Marconi was the one who set the foundation of wireless communications that later evolved into the radio that we know today.
Before vaccination was invented, humans were much more prone to all kinds of disease. Sometimes, those diseases would kill thousands of people or even cause a disability that lasted for their entire lives. With vaccination, many of those diseases were completely eradicated and humans could have immunity against them.
The invention of vaccinations as we know them today is attributed to Louis Pasteur, who –in addition to inventing vaccinations- created the well-known food safety process that is named after him and still used today.
2. Printing Press
Before the printing press was invented, copying a book was a long and expensive process as it had to be done by hand. It would take a scribe days or even months to make a single copy of a book, which made the information that it had not accessible to the general population.
After the printing press was invented in 1439 by Graham Johannes Gutenberg, the mass production of books, newspapers and other printed materials became possible. This invention made a great contribution to spreading all types of knowledge among people.
1. The Internet
After the internet was invented, everything changed. The way people communicate, trade, bank, get information, perceive politics, consume media and pretty much anything you can think of has dramatically changed. Thanks to the unprecedented level of connectivity that the internet provided, the entire world became more of a small town.
Despite the concept of the “internet” being around since the 1960s as US Defense Department project, it wasn’t until the 90s that this concept became mainstream and changing the world in the process.
From all the great inventions that humans have created, we believe those 10 has the most impact so far. What do you think?